Como prevenir a linfadenite mesentérica?

Mesenteric lymphadenitis is an inflammatory disease of the lymph nodes located in the mesentery of the abdomen. The mesentery is a membrane that connects the intestine to the abdominal wall. This infection affects three or more lymph nodes. It resembles appendicitis, Crohn’s disease and pancreatitis. The infection causes pain in the lower right side of the abdomen, elevated temperature, body pain and other flu-like symptoms. It occurs mainly in children after stomach infection, respiratory infection or infection after eating undercooked contaminated pork.

Mesenteric lymphadenitis cannot be preventable in each case. It is a bacterial or viral infection whose risk can be controlled to some extent.

Measures that can be taken to prevent mesenteric lymphadenitis are:

Maintaining self-care  – Self-care can prevent a range of infections, including mesenteric lymphadenitis. You should wash your hands regularly with soap and water.

This helps destroy bacteria and viruses that have the potential to infect other people.

Avoiding Sick People  – Avoid contact with sick people, as viruses and bacteria can easily be transmitted to another healthy person through air, water or direct exposure to their materials such as clothing or utensils.

Disinfection  – Disinfection is the best way to prevent infection of any kind, including mesenteric lymphadenitis. It is recommended that places where food is prepared and common places, such as bathrooms, be disinfected regularly. These locations are more likely to become contaminated in daily uses.

Mesenteric adenitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of three or more lymph nodes in the abdomen. These lymph nodes are located in a membrane called the mesentery, which connects the small intestine to the abdominal wall. The lymph nodes are small organs that are bean shaped and are composed of white blood cells. Lymph nodes play an important role in maintaining the immune system. Any bacteria or viruses that enter the body are filtered by the lymph nodes. It commonly affects children or young adults.

Causes of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis

This mesenteric lymphadenitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites and other microbes. The lymph nodes filter them to swell and inflame causing abdominal discomfort. They play an important role in the immune system. They choose the organism that causes the infection and eliminate them from the rest of the body. Usually occurs after

  • Respiratory infection of viruses, bacteria or parasites
  • Virus or bacteria gastroenteritis
  • A bacterial infection called Yersinia enterocolitica, which is caused by eating undercooked and infected pork.
  • An  infection  by  HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Rarely breast, lung, pancreatic or GIT cancer

Mesenteric lymphadenitis symptoms resemble  appendicitis  ,  inflammatory bowel diseases such  as  Crohn’s disease  or  ulcerative colitis  ,  connective tissue disease such as  lupus  , sclerosis or  rheumatoid arthritis  , inflammation of the large intestine membrane ie  diverticulitis  and inflammatory disease of the pancreas ie  pancreatitis  .

Mesenteric Lymphadenitis Symptoms

Symptoms of mesenteric lymphadenitis may develop in children after a cold infection or respiratory infection. They are-

  • The pain is felt in the lower right side of the abdomen, radiating to other parts of the belly.
  • High temperature
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea

These symptoms of mesenteric lymphadenitis are mild at first, resolve within a few days without treatment. Medical intervention alleviates symptoms quickly. However, it can complicate sepsis in severe cases.

Diagnosis

Mesenteric lymphadenitis is diagnosed by blood tests,  magnetic resonance imagingcomputed tomography  and  ultrasound.

Treatment

Pain killers and anti-inflammatory medications are helpful in reducing pain and swelling. Proper rest, consumption of plenty of fluid and moist heat is recommended to control symptoms. Antibiotics or antiviral medications are prescribed in severe cases to prevent complications.

Conclusion

Mesenteric lymphadenitis is an inflammatory condition of the mesentery lymph nodes that causes typical pain located in the lower right side of the abdomen. It can be avoided by keeping it hygienic, avoiding contact with infected people and disinfection.

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Eu sou o Dr. Ruby Crowder e sou especialista em medicina pulmonar e cuidados intensivos. Eu me formei na Universidade da Califórnia, em San Francisco. Eu trabalho no Hospital Geral de São Francisco e Centro de Trauma de Zuckerberg. Eu também sou professor associado de medicina na Universidade da Califórnia, em San Francisco.

Eu pesquisei a epidemiologia e o manejo da tuberculose em países de alta incidência e publiquei muitos remédios e artigos relacionados à saúde sobre o Exenin e em outras revistas médicas.

Finalmente, gosto de viajar, mergulhar e andar de mochila.

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