Lymphoma is a cancer that develops from lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell. In lymphoma, normal lymphocytes change and become diseased and also grow disproportionately.
There are two main categories of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. Lymphocytes are affected in this cancer. These are a part of the blood. Therefore, this cancer is present in the bloodstream. As blood travels throughout the body, this cancer can spread easily and quickly to other parts of the body. However, it depends on the type and stage of lymphoma. It is not necessary for a lymphoma to always spread very quickly. Sometimes a lymphoma can be lazy for many years before it actually begins to show any symptoms and spread.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Spread
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas spread unpredictably.
Lymphoma usually begins in the lymph nodes of the lymphatic system. When it spreads from there to other organs and tissues in the body, it is known as extra-nodal spread.
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can spread to body parts and organs such as other lymph nodes, stomach, liver, spleen, lungs, pleura, intestines, skin, eyes, testicles etc.
Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Spread
Hodgkin’s lymphoma usually spreads quite predictably. They usually spread from the lymph node where they started to the nearest lymph node through the lymphatic vessels.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma can spread to body parts and organs such as other lymph nodes, spleen, lungs, pleura, liver, bones and bone marrow, skin and central nervous system, etc.
The stages of lymphoma determine the location of lymphomas and their spread. Staging a lymphoma means determining where the lymphoma is located, where it has spread, and what its effect on other organs is. Diagnostic tests and procedures are required to determine a stage of lymphoma. Staging helps the oncologist decide on the course of treatment and predict a prognosis.
The lymphoma stages are given from stage I to stage IV.
At this stage, the cancer is located in one lymph node or has spread to another organ but not to another lymph node.
At this stage, cancer is located in two or more lymph node regions, but they are on the same side of the diaphragm or are located in one organ and lymph nodes, while cancer may or may not spread to other lymph nodes. but this also on the same side of the diaphragm
At this stage, the cancer spreads to the lymph nodes on both sides of the diaphragm.
At this stage, the cancer has spread outside the lymph nodes and throughout the body.
Stage III and IV are now included in the same category because they involve the same line of treatment and their prognosis is the same.
- Às vezes, o câncer também se espalha enquanto a pessoa já está sendo tratada para o linfoma original. Isso é chamado de doença progressiva. Linfoma recorrente é aquele que retorna após o tratamento. Pode ocorrer na mesma área ou em uma área diferente.
Determinar como um câncer se espalha pode fornecer aos oncologistas informações úteis sobre o tratamento e controle da doença.
- Os linfomas de baixo grau geralmente se espalham para as outras partes e órgãos do corpo quando são diagnosticados.
- Os linfomas de alto grau geralmente não se espalham longe quando são diagnosticados.
- Às vezes, um linfoma de baixo grau pode ser convertido em um linfoma de alto grau.
O linfoma é uma doença altamente tratável. Pode ser agressivo ou indolente, mas tratável. Às vezes, a cura completa é possível com detecção precoce e tratamento rápido e eficiente.
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