The lymph nodes are part of our lymphatic system. Our lymphatic system is the defense system of our body. It consists of lymph nodes or lymph glands, lymphatic vessels and certain lymphatic organs such as the spleen, thymus and bone marrow.. Lymphadenitis is a swelling or enlargement of these lymph nodes. The lymph nodes are present throughout our body, some are superficial while others are deep. There are lymph nodes present in the abdomen as well. The mesentery is a membrane that connects our intestines to the back of the abdominal wall. It is because of this mesentery that our intestines do not move. Otherwise, they may end up twisting and causing obstruction. There are lymph nodes present in this mesentery as well. When these lymph nodes become swollen or enlarged, it is known as mesenteric lymphadenitis.
The recovery period for mesenteric lymphadenitis is usually between two to three weeks. Most often, it is observed that abdominal pain caused by mesenteric lymphadenitis will disappear within two to three weeks, however; It is still an assumption and not an established fact. In addition, the causal factor plays an important role in deciding the recovery period for mesenteric lymphadenitis. It usually depends on the time required for the causative disease to subside. Once the causative disease subsides, mesenteric lymphadenitis usually begins to recede. On rare occasions when the cause is not known, anti-inflammatory medicines are given along with supportive care to reduce symptoms. Thus, the recovery period may vary from person to person and according to the causal factor.
Mesenteric lymphadenitis is not a very serious disease. It usually requires no treatment as such and disappears on its own. However, any of the above symptoms should be taken to the doctor’s notice immediately.
Causes of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis
Sometimes doctors are unable to talk about the exact cause of mesenteric lymphadenitis. But, it is more common to occur due to a viral infection such as gastroenteritis or gastroenteritis. Some inflammatory diseases may also be a causative factor of mesenteric lymphadenitis. Sometimes young children tend to develop an upper respiratory tract infection immediately before or during the episode of mesenteric lymphadenitis. There is speculation that these two conditions may be linked together. However, the fact has not yet been established. Very rarely, mesenteric lymphadenitis can happen due to breast cancer, lymphoma, lung cancer or pancreatic cancer.
Infections responsible for causing mesenteric lymphadenitis may be localized throughout the body (called a systemic infection), or the infection may be in one location (called a local infection). These infections can be caused by any of the three bacteria, viruses or parasites. However, some of the most common infections that cause mesenteric lymphadenitis are gastroenteritis caused by viruses such as rotavirus, or caused by bacteria such as staphylococci, streptococci or salmonella. Another common infection is caused by Yersinia enterocolitica. This commonly happens in children and this bacterium can also cause gastroenteritis. The symptoms may appear to be similar to appendicitis or even Crohn’s disease .
Many other infections may be responsible for mesenteric lymphadenitis, such as tuberculosis, ileitis (acute terminal ileitis), and also HIV-related infections in some cases.
As mentioned, some of the inflammatory conditions may also be responsible for mesenteric lymphadenitis. These may include appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix), ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease (inflammatory bowel disease), rheumatoid arthritis , lupus or sclerosis (which are connective tissue diseases), diverticulitis (which is inflammation of the large intestine) and pancreatitis (which is inflammation of the pancreas).
Signs and Symptoms of Mesenteric Lymphadenitis
The most common symptom of mesenteric lymphadenitis is abdominal pain . There may be tenderness as well. Some other symptoms may be present along with pain, corresponding to the cause of mesenteric lymphadenitis. Occasionally, there may be no symptoms and mesenteric lymphadenitis is accidentally diagnosed during some other investigations.
- Are There Any Alternative Treatments For Mesenteric Lymphadenitis?
- How is mesenteric lymphadenitis diagnosed?
- Is mesenteric lymphadenitis dangerous?
- What are the complications of mesenteric lymphadenitis?
- What are the risk factors for mesenteric lymphadenitis?
- How do you treat mesenteric lymphadenitis?
- Mesenteric lymphadenitis cancer?
Eu sou o Dr. Ruby Crowder e sou especialista em medicina pulmonar e cuidados intensivos. Eu me formei na Universidade da Califórnia, em San Francisco. Eu trabalho no Hospital Geral de São Francisco e Centro de Trauma de Zuckerberg. Eu também sou professor associado de medicina na Universidade da Califórnia, em San Francisco.
Eu pesquisei a epidemiologia e o manejo da tuberculose em países de alta incidência e publiquei muitos remédios e artigos relacionados à saúde sobre o Exenin e em outras revistas médicas.
Finalmente, gosto de viajar, mergulhar e andar de mochila.