Mono or Mononucleosis, commonly known as “kiss disease”, is a viral infection that spreads through contact with body fluids, especially saliva. This infection is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and spreads through kissing, toothbrush sharing, lip balm or lipstick, fork or spoon and sexual contact. Drinking liquid from a patient’s glass or bottle can also trigger the spread of this virus. Mono is accompanied by symptoms such as high fever, swollen lymph nodes, headache, sore throat, swollen tonsils, enlarged spleen or liver, rash and severe fatigue. These symptoms appear most commonly in adolescents and young adults. Maximum number of people receive Mono when they are in the age group of 15 to 17 years.
However, it is certain that we know that something is wrong with their health when they are infected with mono active. Mono symptoms usually appear within 4 to 6 weeks after exposure to the mono virus. This incubation period may be shorter in young children. Mono can be effectively treated with natural remedies like antiviral herbs, essential oils and anti-inflammatory foods and the discomfort of the disease can be greatly alleviated.
How long does Mono last?
Although Mono’s recovery time is different from person to person, most mono symptoms disappear after 2-4 weeks. Symptoms such as high fever disappear within 10 days, while the enlarged liver or spleen usually normalizes within 4-6 weeks. However, even after most of these mono symptoms resolve, many continue to feel severely debilitated and fatigued for 3 to 6 months or more.
What are the ways to get rid of Mono?
Unfortunately, there is no pill or medication, which can help an individual get rid of Mono. However, there are certain things you can do to feel better and relieved. Getting a good amount of rest, eating a healthy diet, and drinking plenty of fluids are some natural ways in which you can reduce the discomfort caused by Mono. Sucking on throat lozenges or a popsicle, drinking honey tea and gargling with salt water can alleviate the symptoms of sore throat from mono. Mono patients may also ask their doctor to prescribe a small dose of ibuprofen or acetaminophen to relieve fever and mono pain.
What are the complications that may arise with Mono?
A maioria das pessoas geralmente contrata mono sem complicações, que é curada sozinha dentro de algumas semanas. No entanto, existem outros que desenvolvem certas complicações como síndrome da fadiga crônica, obstrução das vias aéreas superiores, citopenias hematológicas severas, doença neurológica, hepatite e ruptura do baço. Estudos mostraram que a ruptura espontânea do baço é uma complicação rara da mononucleose infecciosa. Normalmente ocorre em apenas 0,1% a 0,5% dos pacientes mono.
Como Mono pode ser evitado?
Mono nem sempre pode ser evitado, mas pode-se reduzir o risco de contrair o Mono tomando medidas simples. Deve-se evitar compartilhar sua escova de dentes, utensílios, pratos e garrafas de água para manter o mono na baía. Eles também devem evitar compartilhar bebidas ou qualquer um dos outros itens mencionados anteriormente com um paciente mono. Eles também nunca devem beijar ou estabelecer qualquer contato sexual com alguém que sofre de mono. Os pacientes mono devem sempre cobrir a boca ao tossir ou espirrar, a fim de restringir a propagação do mono-vírus.
Conclusão: Diga NÃO ao Mono
EBV is an extremely common virus that most people get exposed to when they are young. Some people with EBV may not have any symptoms of Mono, but still carry the virus. These people can infect other people with EBV, potentially leading them to develop Mono. While there are no quick ways to get rid of Mono with the right home treatments, one will feel better and relieved in a matter of a few weeks. It should also be remembered that once a person hires Mono, he usually never recovers it during his lifetime.